香港僱主預期第一季招聘活動較活躍 服務業招聘意欲最積極

ManpowerGroup 香港公佈的2017年第一季『就業展望調查』報告結果顯示,香港僱主預期來季增加員工人數意欲持續平穩,其中服務業僱主預期較積極的增聘意欲。受訪的728名僱主中,17%預算未來三個月將增加人手,表示縮減人手則有4%;而79%表示未有計劃在來季調整現時員工數目。經季節性調整的數據顯示,來季淨就業展望指數仍維持較積極活躍的+13%,招聘意欲與上季相若,但較去年同期下跌2個百分點。

受訪六個行業僱主均表示預期未來一季仍然增加人手,其中以服務業最高,就業展望指數為+20%。至於採礦及建築業和金融保險房地產業,僱主則維持平穩的招聘步伐,其就業展望指數分別為+16%及+15%。按年比較,其中四個行業的招聘意欲回落;當中以建築業錄得7個百份點的顯著跌幅,而金融、保險及房地產業則按年回落5個百份點。

服務業錄得最積極的招聘意欲(+20%),與上一季比較上升2個百分點,但較去年同期下跌3個百分點。

資訊科技人手的強大需求持續帶動服務業招聘意欲。」ManpowerGroup 大中華區高級副總裁徐玉珊(Lancy Chui)解釋。「隨著數碼化發展逐漸普及,企業數碼轉型已是大勢所趨。與此同時,企業丶銀行及金融機構遭受網絡攻擊的機會亦隨之而增加,促使網絡安全問題備受關注,帶動業界僱主増聘相關職位,藉此保護內部敏感資料及減低受到網絡攻擊的機會。」

「再者,資訊科技行業僱主仍有增聘意欲,當中以數據分析丶雲端科技及應用程式開發職位招聘最為積極,進一步刺激僱主對數碼專才的需求。除資訊科技行業外,經濟下行亦刺激僱主對專業服務人才的增聘意欲,如會計風險管理審計專才,使企業在經濟不明朗的情況下能夠把風險減至最低。」徐說。

「雖然整體訪港旅客量出現回升跡象,但酒店行業仍然受到過往旅客減少所影響。因此,酒店業僱主推出不同優惠及調低房價,藉此吸引顧客。加上環球經濟不穩定,使酒店及旅客有關服務行業僱主招聘意欲進一步放緩。」徐補充。採礦及建築業來季錄得+16%就業展望指數,招聘意欲與上季及去年比較,分別回落3個及7個百分點。

金融、保險及房地產業錄得平穩的招聘意欲(+15%),與上季相若,但較去年同期下跌5個百分點。「全球經濟下行使不少投資銀行及金融機構重整架構或出現裁員情況,藉此減低營運成本。」徐說。「本港政府為壓抑樓市及住宅投資要求,宣布推出加辣措施,全面提高買賣物業印花稅,劃一提升至15%。此項措施不但對樓宇銷售造成沖擊,更令二手住宅市場交投放緩,以致地產代理擱置擴充計劃及暫緩增聘人手。」徐續稱。

「另外,由於新管制措施限制內地客在本港使用指定銀行卡購買人壽保險及其投資相關產品,令本港保險業僱主對未來短期業務抱觀望態度,並減慢招聘步伐。」徐解釋。運輸及公共事務業來季錄得+14%就業展望指數,招聘意欲與上季比較下跌2個百分點,和去年同期相若。

「近年物流業面對成本上升及鄰近內地城市的競爭,令貨運量數字按年不斷下跌,削弱物流業界僱主增聘人手的信心。但客運量及飛機起降量持續增長,為航運業僱主的人手需求帶來正面的支持,使整體運輸業僱主維持平穩的招聘意欲。」徐解釋。

批發零售錄得+12%就業展望指數,招聘意欲與上季及去年比較,分別上升3個及4個百分點。「儘管零售銷售數字及整體訪港旅客人數跌幅收窄,但仍然受到過往旅客減少及零售業銷售下跌所影響,加上經濟前景不穩,令僱主招聘步伐變得審慎。另一方面,因農曆新年假期將至,刺激業界僱主增聘人手,以應付業務上的需要。」徐說。

製造業來季錄得+5%就業展望指數,招聘意欲與上季比較上升2個百分點,但較去年同期下跌2個百分點。「製造商仍受新訂單及整體產出量持續下跌所拖累,當中以來自中國內地的新業務量跌幅最大,導致製造業招聘信心跟隨疲弱。」徐解釋。香港是全球43個參與ManpowerGroup季度就業展望調查的國家及地區之一。在亞太地區,印度及台灣的招聘意欲最積極,中國丶新加坡及澳洲則錄得最弱的淨就業展望指數。

詳細報告按此下載

Hong Kong employers report respectable first-quarter hiring plans
The strongest labor markets are forecasted in the Services sectors

HONG KONG (Dec 13th, 2016) – First quarter results for the 2017 ManpowerGroup Employment Outlook Survey (MEOS) released today indicates that Hong Kong employers expect staffing levels to increase during the next three months at a steady pace. After removing seasonal variations from the survey data, Hong Kong's Net Employment Outlook stands at +13%. Hiring intentions remain relatively stable when compared with the previous quarter but decline by 2 percentage points year-over-year. 17 percent of the 728 employers surveyed forecast an increase in staffing levels in 1st quarter 2017, while 4 percent predict a decrease. 79 percent of overall employers surveyed expect no employment changes in Q1 2017.

Employers expect to grow staffing levels in all six industry sectors during 1Q 2017. The strongest hiring prospects are reported in the Services sector, with a Net Employment Outlook of +20%. Elsewhere, employers anticipate steady payroll gains in the Mining & Construction sector and the Finance, Insurance & Real Estate sector, with Outlooks of +16% and +15%, respectively. When compared with 1Q 2016, hiring prospects decline in four of the six industry sectors. The most notable decrease of 7 percentage points is reported by Mining & Construction sector employers while the Outlook for the Finance, Insurance & Real Estate sector is 5 percentage points weaker.

An upbeat hiring pace is anticipated in 1Q 2017 with Services employers reporting a Net Employment Outlook of +20%. Hiring prospects improve by 2 percentage points when compared with the previous quarter but decline by 3 percentage points year-over-year. "Strong demand for technology talent continues to accelerate hiring intentions in Service sector," said Lancy Chui, Senior Vice President at ManpowerGroup Greater China region.

"Nowadays, different industries are moving towards digitization, along with an increasing number of cyberattacks. Cyberattacks not only threaten financial institutions and banking systems but also different enterprises, which stimulate employers' hiring intention on cybersecurity roles to minimize the chance of being attacked and the leakage of sensitive data. Likewise, the talent demand in data analysis, cloud computing, apps development bring a knock-on effect on hiring activities within the service sector. Aside from technology, employers are also seeking professional services talent for auditing, risk and compliance to meet regulatory requirements and to minimize risks, especially in a sluggish business environment," she said.

"The hotel industry is affected by the unfavorable performance of inbound tourism, thus employers have put the focus on promotion to attract customers," Ms Chui said. "Furthermore, the uncertain global market conditions have tightened overall hiring activities across the hotel industry," she added. Employers in the Mining & Construction sector forecast a hopeful hiring climate in the first quarter of 2017, reporting a Net Employment Outlook of +16%. However, hiring plans are 3 percentage points weaker quarter-over-quarter and decline by 7 percentage points year-over-year.

With a Net Employment Outlook of +15%, employers in Finance, Insurance & Real Estate sector anticipate a steady hiring pace in the January-March time frame. Hiring prospects remain relatively stable when compared with the previous quarter but decline by 5 percentage points year-over-year.

"Global financial headwinds continue to prompt many investment banks and financial institutions to reduce their staffing levels or implement restructuring plans in order to lower cost," said Ms. Chui.

"A sharp increase in stamp duty rates on property transactions for non-first time buyers is imposed by the Government. This exerts pressure on the sales of secondary property market, resulting in property agencies to suspend the expansion and freeze their hiring plans," added Ms Chui. "Additionally, Mainlanders are banned using state-backed bank cards to buy investment-related insurance products in Hong Kong. These developments have heightened uncertainty among insurance employers and we believe have contributed to an overall slowdown of hiring activities in finance sector," she added. Reporting a Net Employment Outlook of +14%, employers in Transportation & Utilities sector forecast a steady increase in staffing levels during the next three months. The Outlook declines by 2 percentage points quarter-over-quarter but is unchanged year-over-year.

"With increased competitive pressure from Mainland Chinese cities, a year-to-year downward trend in cargo volume has rattled hiring confidence among employers in logistics industry. However, the hiring pace in the sector is expected to remain steady as the result of growth in passenger traffic and aircraft movements is contributing to employer hiring confidence within transportation sectors" Ms. Chui explained.

Respectable payroll gains are likely in the January-March period, according to employers in Wholesale & Retail Trade sector. The Net Employment Outlook stands at +12%, improving by 3 and 4 percentage points quarter-over-quarter and year-over-year, respectively. "Despite the decline in both retail sales and inbound tourism has slowed, the uncertain business environment and the drop in retail sales and inbound tourism in the past are still impacting Hong Kong's retail industry, leading to employers' hiring intention remain cautious. However, the upcoming Chinese New Year holiday allows employers to expand their seasonal workforce in Q1 and in hiring outlook remain positive, " she continued.

Job seekers can expect some hiring opportunities in Manufacturing sector in the upcoming quarter, according to employers who report a Net Employment Outlook of +5%. The Outlook improves by 2 percentage points when compared with 4Q 2016 but is 2 percentage points weaker year-over-year.

"Hong Kong's manufacturing sector employers are apparently feeling the effects of a continuing decrease in both outputs and new orders, especially across mainland China. As a result, job seekers can expect some opportunities in the sector through the first three months of 2017, but the overall hiring pace is expected to be modest," she explained. Hong Kong is one of 43 countries and territories that take part in the Manpower Employment Outlook Survey. In the Asia Pacific region, employers in Taiwan and India report the strongest first-quarter hiring plans, while those in China, Australia and Singapore report the weakest.

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